Planning for public health issues in emergencies
Community and Public Health has an obligation to our community and to the Ministry of Health to provide a robust public health response to all emergencies, including:
- An influenza pandemic;
- Infectious disease outbreaks (such as norovirus, legionnaire’s disease, cryptosporidium);
- Natural disasters (inlcuding flooding, earthquakes, tsunamis); and
- Chemical spills and hazardous substance incidents.
All these events can have serious impact on the health of the community, and affect water, power and waste systems and the environment. Community and Public Health is focused on ensuring that:
- Safe drinking water is available;
- Environmental hazards are decreased to safe levels (such as air pollution);
- People are given information on how to keep themselves physically and mentally healthy before, during and after an emergency; and
- The risk of infectious disease is minimised.
Everyone should always be prepared for emergencies by having an emergency survival kit. Important items include food and water to last at least 3 days, a way to heat water or food if there is no power, a first aid kit, and any other essentials like medications or food for pets. You should also have a list of important phone numbers (including neighbours, doctor, and family members).
Preparing for Public Health Emergencies
A successful response is the result of a lot of planning and the Protection Team prepare for all types of emergencies by:
- reviewing emergency response plans regularly including the Influenza Pandemic Plan
- training staff for emergency situations
- participating in public health related emergency exercises
- consulting with advisors from the Ministry of Health
- forming strong links with councils, emergency agencies like Civil Defence, and the emergency services (Ambulance, Fire Service and Police)
- working with other local and regional health emergency planners
- distributing information to the public on being prepared for emergencies
Responding to Public Health Emergencies
During emergency events, Community and Public Health contributes a valuable public health perspective and works closely with the many agencies involved.
The level of the response depends on the event. This ranges from providing health advice for the public through to our Medical Officers of Health using their authority to close schools and inspect ships or planes, to protect the community’s health.
Planning for an Influenza Pandemic
Community and Public Health has specific responsibilities to reduce the public health risk resulting from a pandemic of influenza, like any other emergency event. The goal of our response is to reduce the spread of the illness of a future influenza pandemic in the Canterbury, South Canterbury and West Coast regions. As part of the Ministry of Health’s plan, Community and Public Health staff have the following specific functions depending on the stage of the pandemic:
- Plan to reduce the health, social and economic impacts (Plan For It).
- Work at ports and airports to prevent or delay the arrival of pandemic influenza into NZ (Keep It Out)
- Control or halt the spread of the infection within the population (Stamp It Out)
- Reduce the impact of pandemic influenza on the population (Manage It)
- Assist in the process of recovering from the pandemic back to “business as usual” (Recover From It)
For more information, contact:
Ph: +64 3 378 6759
Fax: +64 3 379 6125
Find out about Civil Defence and emergencies in your area
What to do when an earthquake happens at work
It is frightening to stay in a building immediately after an earthquake but it is much safer than immediately going outside.
It is not like a fire; you do not have to evacuate a building straight away unless it is showing obvious signs of distress.
When you eventually evacuate, do take your wallet, coat, bag etc. You are more vulnerable if you leave those things behind. Take your getaway kit or “go bag” if you have one.
A fire evacuation assembly area might not be appropriate after a quake. Large open areas with no tall buildings, power lines or other hazards immediately adjacent are best. It is often better to remain in your building until a safest route has been found.
“Many people know to Drop, Cover and Hold during the earthquake but most do not know what to do afterwards” says John Hamilton, Director of Civil Defence Emergency Management.
The Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management suggests workplaces develop a plan for what to do immediately after a major earthquake, assuming serious damage. This plan can be scaled back if there is a smaller earthquake.